jeudi 18 janvier 2018

powercli - Reference

Connexion avec le user courant:

Conexion avec user explicite:
Connect-VIServer vc.domain.local -user readonly@domain.local -pass xxxxxx

Connexion avec menu
Connect-VIServer -menu

Deconnexion forcée de tous les VC
Disconnect-VIServer -Server * -force

Gérer des credentials
New-VICredentialStoreItem -host xxxx -user Admin -Password xxxxxx


Voir les connexions utilisées lors d'une session


get-vm -name *exch*
get-vm -name * | Out-GridView
get-vm -name SRVxxx | fl

get-vm | Where-Object{$_.Powerstate -eq "PoweredOff"} | Start-VM

get-VM vSRVxxx| Stop-VMguest

get-cluster | Get-VM | select name, @{N="Datastore";E={Get-Datastore -VM $_}} | sort name

Get-VM | Select Name, @{N="Network Adapter";E={$_.NetworkAdapters| foreach-object {$_.Type}}}, @{N="MacAddress";E={$_.NetworkAdapters| ForEach-Object {$_.MacAddress}}}, @{N="PortGroup";E={Get-VirtualPortGroup -VM $_}}

Get-VMHost | Sort-Object Name | Select Name,@{N="VM";E={ if ($_.ExtensionData.Vm -ne $null) { $_.ExtensionData.Vm.Count } else {0}}}

Get-Cluster "clustername" | get-vmhost "hostname" | get-vm | Get-NetworkAdapter | Format-Table parent, networkname, type, MACaddress

To create table with renamed property name, use @{Name="New_Name";Expression={$_.Old_Name}}
Like in above script:

Get-Cluster "clustername" | get-vmhost "hostname" | get-vm | Get-NetworkAdapter | Format-Table @{Name="VirtualMachine";Expression={$_.parent}}, @{Name="VLAN";Expression={$_.networkname}}

To list all harddisks of a VM with size,
Get-VM VM01 | Get-HardDisk | ft Parent, Name, Filename, CapacityKB –AutoSize

And if you want to export this to a CSV file then,
Get-VM VM01 | Get-HardDisk | Select Parent, Name, Filename, CapacityKB | Export-csv C:\file.csv

We can't export output of Format-Table cmdlet to CSV file so we need to use Select-Object instead.

Add PortGroup to all hosts in cluster with PowerCLI
Get-Cluster “clustername” | Get-VMHost | Get-VirtualSwitch -Name “vSwitch_name? | New-VirtualPortGroup -Name “VLAN-xx” -VLanId xx

Check Multi-path policy/configuration of connected storage,
Get-VMHost | Get-ScsiLun | Select VMHost, ConsoleDeviceName, Vendor, MultipathPolicy, LunType

To get list of VMs with snapshot,
Get-VM | Get-Snapshot | Select VM,Name,Created,sizemb

List of VMs having snapshot older than 3 days,
Get-VM | Get-Snapshot | Select VM,Name,Created,sizemb | Where {$_.Created -lt ((Get-Date).AddDays(-2))}

To remove snapshot older than 3 days,
Get-Snapshot | Select VM,Name,Created,sizemb | Where {$_.Created -lt ((Get-Date).AddDays(-2))} | Remove-Snapshot

To list time on all VMhosts,
Get-VMHost | sort Name | select Name,@{Name="Current VMHost Time";Expression={(Get-View

To find a list of VMs having sync time with host option selected,
Get-View -viewtype virtualmachine -Filter @{'Config.Tools.SyncTimeWithHost'='True'} | select name


Mettre à jour les VmWareTools

vm = "vsrvtest"
**** deconnecter CD
get-vm $vm | get-cddrive | set-cddrive -nomedia -confirm:$false

PS C:\Users\plop> Get-CDDrive $vm | Set-CDDrive -IsoPath "[Datastore] vmware-tools-10.1.7/windows-vmwaretools-10.1.7.iso" -connected:$true -confirm:$false

Are you sure you want to perform this action?
Performing the operation "Setting IsoPath: [Datastore] vmware-tools-10.1.7/windows-vmwaretools-10.1.7.iso,
Connected: True, NoMedia: False." on target "CD/DVD drive 1".
[Y] Yes [A] Yes to All [N] No [L] No to All [S] Suspend [?] Help (default is "Y"): Y

IsoPath HostDevice RemoteDevice
------- ---------- ------------
[Datastore] vm...

PS C:\Users\plop>

PS C:\Users\plop> $DriveLetter = Get-WmiObject Win32_CDROMDrive -ComputerName $vm -credential domain\great.adm | Where-Object {$_.VolumeName -match “VMware Tools”} | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Drive

PS C:\Users\plop> $DriveLetter

PS C:\Users\plop> $ScriptText = "$DriveLetter\setup64.exe /S /v `"/qn /l*v ""%temp%\vmtoolupgrade.log"" REBOOT=R ADDLOCAL=ALL REMOVE=Hgfs`""

PS C:\Users\plop> Invoke-VMScript -VM $vm -GuestUser domain\great.adm -GuestPassword xxxxx -ScriptText $ScriptText -ScriptType bat
WARNING: The version of VMware Tools on VM 'vsrvtest' is out of date and may cause Invoke-VMScript to work improperly.

ENISA 2017 - Report

Le Report 2017 de l’ENISA

[Windows] Install/Uninstall Trouble


1/ Télécharger et installer "Windows Installer CleanUp utility"


puis reboot et re-essayer d’installer les mises à jour concernées

(lien direct

[What it fixes

Corrupted registry keys on 64-bit operating systems
Corrupted registry keys that control the update data
Problems that prevent new programs from being installed
Problems that prevent existing programs from being completely uninstalled or updated
Problems that block you from uninstalling a program through Add or Remove Programs (or Programs and Features) in Control Panel ]

2/ Si ca ne suffit pas : ouvrir un mode command "admin" et lancer sfc /scannow pour checker/corriger les fichiers système

3/ Si ca ne marche encore pas :
reseter Windows Update selon la procédure

4/ Autre possibilité

Travailler en mode "clean boot"